The Konsulovskoye mound is located near the village of Respublikaniec on the right bank of the Dnieper about 150 kilometers southwest of modern Zaporizhzhya and 90 kilometers northeast of Kherson.
The site belongs to the group of so-called post-Scythian settlements, the establishment and functioning of which are associated with the ethno-cultural region described by Strabon and referred to in ancient written sources as Scythia Minor.
This group includes sites located on both banks of the Dnieper River.
On the basis of the results obtained in the course of the archaeological research conducted so far in this region, it was possible to establish a general chronological framework for the functioning of the group of post-Scythian settlements. Most likely, all of them were constructed at approximately the same time, i.e. in the 3rd / 2nd century BC. The period of their functioning lasted about 400 years. In spite of archaeological investigations carried out in the territory of some of the settlements, so far it has not been possible to obtain answers to key questions concerning their history and the history of the entire region in the period from the 2nd century BC to the 2nd century AD. This is a series of research problems related both to establishing the detailed chronology of these sites, their function and role in the social and economic history of the region, and to establishing their spatial organization, internal divisions, and precise topographic plans.
The Consulovskoye settlement was first described in 1867 by A.P. Chirkov, a member of the Odessa Society of Lovers of History and Antiquity. A more detailed description of the settlement and its topographic plan was the work of V.I. Goshkevich, who also conducted the first archaeological excavations at the site in July 1913. The result of these excavations was the uncovering of a section of a stone rampart about 19 meters long. In the middle of the twentieth century archaeologists from the Institute of the History of Material Culture of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR conducted surface research and conducted four archaeological surveys. Surface surveys and supervision of archaeological remains at the mound site were also conducted in the 1970s-1990s by N.A. Gavryljuk and M.P. Olenkowski.
In 2014, archaeologists from the Museum-Reserve “Chortytsya” made several archaeological surveys, in which the remains of stone architecture were recorded.
These were fragments of residential buildings of the stronghold and its fortifications. In 2015, the first season of field work of the joint Ukrainian-Polish archaeological expedition was held.